Goats are among the main meat-producing animals in India, whose meat is one of the choicest meats and has huge domestic demand. Due to its good economic prospects, goat rearing under intensive and semi-intensive system for commercial production has been gaining momentum for the past couple of years. High demand for goat and its products with potential of good economic returns have been deriving many progressive farmers, businessmen, professionals to take up the goat enterprise on a commercial scale. The emerging favourable market conditions and easy accessibility to improved goat technologies are also catching the attention of entrepreneurs. A number of commercial goat farms have been established in different regions of the country.
POPULAR INDIAN BREEDS OF GOATS
Distribution : Sirohi District of Rajasthan and Palampur in Gujarat.
Features:Compact medium-sized animals. Coat colour predominantly brown with light or dark brown patches' a very few individuals are completely white. The body is covered fairly densely with hair which is short and coarse. The hair grows at the rate of about 2 cm annually. Ears are flat and leaf like, medium sized and drooping. Both sexes have small horns, curved upward and backward. On average, the birth weight is about 2.0 kg. The age at first kidding is 19-20 months and the litter size is one kid per birth. The breed is well suited to stall feeding.
Performance: The breed is used mainly for meat. The milk yield is relatively small, about 0.5 kg per day, with an average milk yield of 65 kg over a 120 day lactation period.
Kidding : Usually doe kids twice a year, giving birth to single in 40% while twins in 60% cases, they kid twice a year.
Distribution : Its home is between Jamuna, Ganges and Chambal Rivers of U.P.
Features:There is a great variation in coat colour but they are generally white or light yellowish tan with light brown spots on the neck and face, and occasionally patches of tan or black are found on the body. The typical character of the breed is a highly convex nose line with a tuft of hair known as 'Roman nose' or parrot mouth appearance. The ears are very long, flat and drooping. Both sexes are horned with short and thin tail. A thick growth of hair is present on the buttocks, known as feathers. The breed has well developed udder round in shape with large conical teats.
Performance: Milk: Average daily yield varies from 1.5 to 2.0 kg per day with a total lactation yield of about 200 kg.
Kidding: Usually doe kids once a year, giving birth to single in 57% while twins in 43% cases, they kid once a year.
Distribution : The goats are mainly distributed at Latur, Tuljapur and Udgir taluks of Osmanabad district of Maharashtra.
Features:The goats are large in size. Coat colour varies, but mostly it is black (73%) and the rest are white, brown or spotted. Ninety per cent males are horned; females may be horned or poled.
Performance: The breed is considered useful both for meat and milk. Average daily yield varies from 0.5 to 1.5 kg for a lactation length of about 4 months. The dressing percentage varies from 45 to 50. In favourable conditions the does will breed regularly twice a year and twinning is common.
3. MALABARI OR TELLICHERRY
Distribution : They are also known as Tellicherry or Cutch mostly reared at Calicut, Cannanore and Malapram districts of Kerala.
Features:The animals are medium in size. They have no uniform colour which varies from completely white to full black. 30% goats are long haired. All males and a small number of females are bearded. Animals are medium sized, head with flat and occasional Roman nose and medium sized ears directed outward and downward.
Performance: The breed is reared mainly for meat purpose and their skin is popular with the tanning industry. Kerala Agricultural University has undertaken cross-breeding programmed with Alpine and Saanen for improving reproduction and milk yield. The average milk yield of this breed is 100-190 kg with a lactation period of 180-210 days.
Project Report – Commercial Goat Farming (150 + 6 Goats Project)
RUNNING EXPENSES DETAILS FOR ONE YEAR
GROWTH CALCULATION TABLE
DOES (FEMALE GOAT) FEEDING COST
BUCKS (MALE GOATS) FEEDING COST CHART
REVENUE REPORT FOR TWO YEARS
STOCK VALUE OF FEMALE GOATS
TOTAL REVENUE REPORT
- The farm will comprise of goats with previous track records (if & where possible) only so as to improve the genetic potential & optimize Productivity.
- It will be ensured that around 89% of the goats will always give kids.
- The Farm will initially hold 150 Goats of Good Breed and 6 Breeding Bucks.
- Feeding cost of Goats is taken @ Rs. 4–5Per Day.
- Goat gives kids twice a year, gestation period of 150 Days.
- Under Stall Fed conditions the ratio of kids is 60% Twins, 38% Single and 2% Triple. Expenses on Vaccinations are Rs.15 a Year per Goat.
- Deworming the goats routinely.
- Use animal manure (day manure) to make vermin compost for additional income from this business. Use manure (night manure) to improve the soil of own farm for cultivation of green fodders.
- Suggested Green Fodders: CO3, CO4, Luzern, Bar seem, Stylo, Dashrath, Hybrid Napier, African Tall, Sorghum, Molato, Gini Grass, Subabul.
- Dry Fodder: Barley, Maize, Ground Nut etc.